Surya Siddhanta is the first among the traditions or doctrines (siddhanta) in archaeo-astronomy of the Vedic era.
Infact, it is the oldest ever book in world which describes earth as sphere but not flat, gravity being reason for objects falling on earth etc.
This is the knowledge that the Sun god gave to an Asura called Maya in Treta Yuga.
This Maya is father-in-law of Ravana, the villain of first ever epic poem, Ramayana.
Going by calculations of Yugas, first version ofSurya Siddhanta must have been known around 2 million years ago.
However, the present version available is believed to be more than 2500 years old, which still makes it the oldest book on earth in Astronomy.
This book covers kinds of time, length of the year of gods and demons, day and night of god Brahma, the elapsed period since creation, how planets move…
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