#Lakulisha : An Important Chapter of Bhartiya History
Vyaas Rshi is one of the center point of bhartiya civilization and especially for the history. There are conflicting claims floating on internet regarding the birth of the great Rshi Vyas. Kurma Puran, Ling Puran and few others gives 28 birth of Vyaas in seventh Manavantar and similarly 28 birth of Rudra as Rshi. As per Ling Puran, every chaturyuga has 4 Shisyas of both Vyaas and Rudra born in start and end of #Dwapar respectively. Vyaas and his four shisyas work was to propagate and teach four vedas and Rudra avataar and his shishyas work was to keep balance of earth/shrishti by teaching of Pashupat dharm. The influence of Pashupat Dharm can be seen in world’s oldest #Sindhu Civilization’s seal which was #Pashupati. The influence could also be seen in Rongorongo by comparing similarities between the Indus and Rapa Nui writing systems and their seals plus with Inga Stone of Brazil. 
The description of both avatar goes as follows:

1st Dwapar Vyaas was Manu or Shiv and Rudra avatar was Swet Muni

2nd Vyaas name was Satya and Rudra avatar was Sutaar

3rd Vyaas name was Usna/Bhargava/Sukrachry and Rudra avatar was Daman

4th Vyas name was Angira or Brishpti and Rudra avatar was Suhotra

5th Vyaas name was Savita and Rudra avatar was Kanak

6th Vyaas name was Mrtyu (yam) and Rudra avatar was Laugakshi

7th Vyaas name was Indra named Satritu and Rudra avatar was Vibhu Rshi

8th Vyaas name was Vashistha and Rudra avatar was Dadhivahan
Similarly others are mentioned in the pic. The 28th was #Dwaipayan and 28th avatar of Rudra was #Lakuli famous as Yogaatma #Lakulish. Lakulish is famous as promoter of #Pashupat Dharma after 28th Dwapar. Yogi Lakulish is mentioned in Linga puran as 28th avatar of Shiv/Rudra in end of 28th Dwapar and promoter of yog system. The Linga puran mentions four sons of Yogi Lakuli viz Garga, Kaurushya, Mitra and Kushika. Origin and history of Lakulish (Shiva with a wooden stick) traverse back to Gujarat region of current India. 
#Jageshwar was once the center of Lakulish Shaivism. There is no definite dating of the construction of Jageshwar group of temples. The temples were renovated during the reign of Katyuri King Shalivahandev. There is an inscription of Malla Kings in the main temple indicating their devotion to Jageshwar. The Katyuri Kings also donated villages to the temple priests for its maintenance. The Chand Kings of Kumaon were also patrons of the Jageshwar temple. Numerous Jageshwar temples were constructed or restored during the Gurjara Pratihara era. See the Pic. Lakulisha among his four disciples Kusika, Garga, Mitra, and Kaurushya, rock-cut stone relief, Cave Temple No. 2 at Badami, Karnataka. The principal text of the Pashupata sect, the Pāśupata Sūtra is attributed to Lakulisha. The manuscripts of this text and a commentary of it, the Pañcārtha Bhāṣya by Kaundinya were discovered in 1930. The account matches those narrated in the various historical references in Puranas where Lakulisha incarnates as 28th Avatar. 
The four disciples of Dwaipayan made famous the teachings of Vedas. Paail (Rgved), Vaispaayan (Yajur), Sumantu (Athrva), Jaimini (Sam) and Suta Muni the historical parts likes puranas. #Kusika, #Garga, #Mitra, and #Kaurushya are described as sons of Yogi Lakuli in Ling Puran all will spend their life teaching yogic activities, living in sync with nature, protecting animals and worshipping shivling. The teachings of Pashupati did made huge impact of Bhartiya civilization where an example could be seen as #PashupatiSeal of Sindhu Saraswati Civilization. The world oldest civilization could be pretty much seen as result of hard work based on yama-niyama done by Yogi Lakulisha and his sons. Yogi Lakulisha is believed to be born in land of #Gujarat. The site of #Kayavarohana is related to Lakulisha.

 

#Rajarani Temple, #Lingraj Temple and many ancient temples of #Bhubneshwar is dedicated to Yogi Lakulisha. When H. Tsiang visited #Varanasi he wrote Pashupatas as major followers which is true till date. He also wrote more than 100 temples were dedicated to Shiva. Varanasi is called as world’s only ancient city inhabited continuously. Lakulisha as Siva is often enshrined, his image on the face of a Sivalinga, seated in lotus posture, virilely naked, holding a danda in his left hand and a citron fruit in his right. One of the most ancient temple “Somnath” which has faced many cycles of destruction from Islamic invaders is one of the most revered temple. Pashupatinath Temple of Nepal is also one of the ancient temple dedicated to Pashupati Dharm.

   

About Yogi Lakulisha 

Yogi Lakulish was said to be born to a brahmin couple named Vishvarup and Sudarshana in Kayavarohan, Gujarat during end of Dwapar. This means that he must have lived not before 4000 BC. There ancestral line went back to the great ancient sage, Atri. Lakulish was born on the fourteenth day of the bright half of the moon in the Indian month of Chaitra after midnight. A sage named Atri took same task at the end of 12th Dwapar when Vyaas was Rshi Shattej. Tracing Yogi Lakulish and his son cum shishyas can solve many mysteries of our Bhartiya Civilizations. 

It is said in all the Agamas and Tantras, that a MukhaLinga should he made on the Pujabhaga of the Sarvasama-Linga and that it might have one, two, three, four or five faces corresponding to the five aspects viz, Vaaiadeva, Tatpurusha, Aghora, Sadyojata and Ishana, of Shiva. In 1940, archaeologist M.S. Vats discovered three Shiva Lingas at Harappa, dating more than 5,000 years old. It is known to us that Shiva was seated facing south when he taught the rishis and devotees Yoga and Jnana, includes science and arts because of this, such forms of Shiva are known as #DAKSHINAMURTI. An image representing this form of Shiva is found in the left window of the Lakulish temple, adjoining to the Main Shrine in Eklingji. The Shiva Purana, has laid down that the image of Lakulisha should carry Bijora In his right hand Staff in the left one. The Vishvakarma Vastusastra also confirms this description. The images found in old Kayavarohan Tirth, Gujarat, satisfys this description. The same type of image is found in the Papkantakeshvar temple, Achalgarh, Rajasthan, Kalika temple (Chittor Fort) wherein the deity holds a Bijora in his right hand and a staff in the left one. Lakulisha in Samgameshwara temple built under patronage of early Chalukyas. In Haryana’s Morni and Tikkar Tal Lakulisha images were excavated and can be found in Government Musem and Art Gallery, Chandigarh. The remains and fort of Morni Lake suggests a big civilization once propagated there. There is mention of Pasupatacharya named #Udita who was student of #Upamita who was student of #Kapila who belonged to Chandragupta period. The earliest images of Lakulisa from Mathura datable to 5th -6th CE show him seated with two arms can be seen in State Museum, Lucknow. 
Lakulisha and Kusika.

Lakulisha among his four disciples Kusika, Garga, Mitra, and Kaurushya; #Kushika is believed to be first disciple finds mention in Pasupata Sutra (PS) and Pancarthabhasya (Pbh). Both these texts talk about his getting directly initiated by Lakulisa in Ujjain. The Udaipur Inscription of Naravahana refers to Kusika and records that ascetics who besmear their bodies with ashes and wear barks and have matted hair, appeared in his line. The dynastic patronage to early Lakulisa-Pasupatas can be seen clearly at cave temples of #Jogesvari, #Elephanta, #Manddapesvar and later at #Ellora. In medieval South India, there was an influential sect called the #Kalamukhas some believe that Kalamukha sect was derived from, or was another name for, the Lakulisha-Pashupatas. According to some sources, Basavadeva, the reformer of Vira Shaivism, was initiated by a Kalamukha ascetic. Lakulisha and his Shishyas are very important historical figure which needs a good research for better understanding of Sapta Sidhu Civilizations and history of Pashupat history in this kaliyuga. 

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Notes and References

[1] Rudra Puran, Shiv Puran

[2]http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/74856/11/11_chapter%204.pdf

[3] http://www.hillsofmorni.com/history-of-morni/glimpses-of-history-excavations-at-morni-ka-tal/ 

[4]http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/58063/7/07_chapter%202.pdf

[5] Huntington Susan, ‘Art of AncientIndia ‘p. 75

[6] Spink Walter, ‘Ajanta to Ellora ‘1967

[7] http://www.boloji.com/index.cfm?md=Content&sd=Articles&ArticleID=13273

[8] http://www.ancient-wisdom.com/easterislandindusvalley1.htm

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